Ratko Mladić in courtroom during prosecution’s opening statements in the Bosnian Genocide trial at the International Criminal Tribunal on May 16, 2012. (Source: screengrab from ICTY video.)
“Two decades ago this past month Bosnian Serb leaders commenced an attack on their fellow citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina… In some locations this attack arose to the level of genocide. The world watched in disbelief that in neighbourhoods and villages within Europe a genocide appeared to be in progress…. a campaign that included the crime of genocide in certain municipalities.”
– Prosecutor Dermot Groome
Edited by: Daniel Toljaga
Prosecution’s opening statements in the Bosnian Genocide trial of Ratko Mladic took place on 16 and 17 of May, 2012, at the Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal. The criminal charges contained in the current version of the indictment against Ratko Mladic cover a very limited range of individual war crimes and locations. In order to expedite the trial the scope of the indictment has been substantially reduced from that of the initial indictment. The ‘Fourth Amended Indictment‘ charges the Accused with:
Count 1: Genocide.
– Municipalities: Bratunac, Foča, Ključ, Prijedor, Sanski Most, Vlasenica and Zvornik.
Count 2: Genocide.
– Municipality: Srebrenica.
Count 3: Persecutions on Political, Racial and Religious Grounds, a Crime Against Humanity.
– Municipalities: Banja Luka, Bijeljina, Bosanska Krupa, Bosanski Novi, Bratunac, Brčko, Foča, Hadžići, Ilidža, Kalinovik, Ključ, Kotor Varoš, Novi Grad, Novo Sarajevo, Pale, Prijedor, Rogatica, Sanski Most, Sokolac, Trnovo, Vlasenica, Vogošca, Zvornik and Srebrenica.
Count 4: Extermination, a Crime Against Humanity.
Count 5: Murder, a Crime Against Humanity.
Count 6: Murder, a Violation of the Laws or Customs of War.
Count 7: Deportation, a Crime Against Humanity.
Count 8: Inhumane Acts (forcible transfer), a Crime Against Humanity.
Count 9: Acts of Violence the Primary Purpose of which is to Spread Terror among the Civilian Population, a Violation of the Laws or Customs of War.
Count 10: Unlawful Attacks on Civilians, a Violation of the Laws or Customs of War.
Count 11: Taking of Hostages, a Violation of the Laws or Customs of War.
For easier reading, I removed numbered lines and double-spaced sentences that appear in the published court transcripts. Alternatively you can watch videos of Ratko Mladic’s trial.
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[Prosecution Opening Statement, Day 1. / May 16, 2012.]
MR. DERMOT GROOME: Your Honours, two decades ago Read more of this post